Kukula kwa makampani aku China azingwe kuyambira nthawi yothamanga kwambiri mpaka nthawi yokhazikika

Makina azingwe ndi zingwe ndizofunikira kwambiri pakampani yomanga zachuma ku China. Imapereka zida zogwirira ntchito zamagetsi zamagetsi komanso zolumikizirana, zowerengera kotala la mtengo wamagetsi aku China. Ndi makampani yachiwiri yayikulu kwambiri pamakampani opanga magalimoto pambuyo poti agulitse magalimoto, ndipo amatenga gawo lofunikira pachuma chadziko. Ndi kukhazikitsidwa kwaposachedwa kwamalamulo a "kukula kolimba ndi kusintha kwa kapangidwe kake", kukula kwachuma kudzatsika poyerekeza ndi zakale, koma kusintha kwamapangidwe kumathandizira pakukula kwanthawi yayitali komanso njira yofunikira yachitukuko cha China. M'gawo loyamba la chaka cha 2014, kukula kwapadziko lonse kunachepa kuposa momwe amayembekezera, ndipo kuchuluka kwakukula pachaka kudatsika mpaka 2.75% kuchoka pa 3.75% mu theka lachiwiri la 2013. Ngakhale magwiridwe antchito azachuma mmaiko ena (Japan komanso Germany, Spain ndi UK), kukula kwatsika chifukwa chakuchepa kwachuma padziko lonse lapansi.

Mwa zina, chifukwa chachikulu chakuchepa kwachuma padziko lonse lapansi ndikusintha kwa United States ndi China, mayiko awiri achuma kwambiri padziko lapansi. Ku United States, kuchuluka kwa masheya kumapeto kwa chaka cha 2013 kudapitilira zomwe amayembekeza, zomwe zidabweretsa kusintha kwamphamvu. Zofuna zinaletsedwanso ndi nyengo yozizira yozizira, pomwe kutumizidwa kunja kudatsika kwambiri atakula kwambiri m'gawo lachinayi ndikutulutsa kogulitsa m'gawo loyamba la 2014. Ku China, kufunikira kwakunyumba kudachepa kuposa momwe amayembekezera chifukwa choyesetsa kuwongolera kukula kwa ngongole ndi kusintha zamakampani ogulitsa nyumba ndi nyumba. Kuphatikiza apo, ntchito zachuma m'misika ina yomwe ikubwera kumene, monga Russia, idachepa kwambiri, pomwe mikangano yazandale idachepetsa zofuna.

Mu theka lachiwiri la chaka chino, China idakhazikitsa mfundo zothandizirana ndikuwongolera zochitika zachuma, kuphatikiza misonkho kwa mabizinesi ang'onoang'ono, kukula kwa ndalama ndi zomangamanga, ndikuwongolera kusungidwa kwapansi panthaka. Kukula kumayembekezeka kukhala 7.4% mu 2014. Chaka chamawa, GDP ikuyembekezeka kukhala 7.1% pomwe chuma chimasunthira panjira yakukula mosasunthika ndikutsika.

Makampani opanga zingwe ku China adakhudzidwa ndikukula kwachuma kwakunja, ndipo GDP yakunyumba ichepetsedwanso mpaka 7.4% kuchokera pa 7.5% yomwe ikuyembekezeka kumayambiriro kwa chaka. Kukula kwa msika wama chingwe mu 2014 kudzakhala kotsika pang'ono poyerekeza ndi chaka chatha. Malinga ndi ziwerengero zaposachedwa kwambiri za National Bureau of Statistics, ndalama zazikulu kwambiri zamakampani opanga zingwe ndi zingwe (kupatula fiber fiber ndi chingwe) zidakwera ndi 5.97% chaka chilichonse kuyambira Januware mpaka Julayi 2014, ndipo phindu lonse lidakwera ndi 13.98 % chaka pachaka. Kuyambira Januware mpaka Julayi, kuchuluka kwa mawaya ndi zingwe kunatsika ndi 5.44% pachaka, ndipo kuchuluka kwa katundu kumawonjezeka ndi 17.85% pachaka.

Makampani azingwe aku China alowanso munthawi yokhazikika yachitukuko kuyambira nthawi yothamanga kwambiri. Munthawi imeneyi, makampani opanga chingwe amayeneranso kutsatira mayendedwe a nthawiyo, kufulumizitsa kusintha kwa kapangidwe kazogulitsa mkati mwa mafakitale, kuthetsedwa kwa mphamvu zobwerera m'mbuyo, ndikuyendetsa chitukuko chamakampani mwatsopano, kuti musunthire kwakukulu dziko lopangira chingwe ku mphamvu zopangira.


Post nthawi: May-12-2020